The Road Fashion Of Armenian Women


Men’s clothing is multicolored only within the Western Armenian regions, while the Eastern Armenian men’s go well with is characterized by common restraint and modesty of coloring, with a predominance of dark tones, generally combined with white . Currently, within the conditions of the rule of uniform European clothes, the ethnic originality of the Armenian individuals’s clothes is preserved within the costumes of ethnographic ensembles of folks dance, products of decorative and applied art and souvenir products. Rich collections of samples of male and female conventional garments of the 18th and 20th centuries, reflecting the specifics of different historic and ethnographic areas of Armenia, are contained in museum collections. The shoes of Western Armenians differed considerably from Eastern Armenia. On the patterned socks normally put on leather-based footwear – soler I with tongues and sharp curled socks, on low heels, to which the horseshoe was hammered. Men wore sneakers of red, black, women, girls – purple, inexperienced, yellow flowers. Women and girls also wore elegant leather boots with out soles, and so they had been wearing footwear – smek without backs, but on heels.

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The underwear was similar in style to the Eastern Armenian, with the only difference being that the shirts were made from white cotton fabric. Winter clothes was a straight swinging fur coat-a mushtak, a hammer of darkish pink velvet or woolen materials on a stitched lining.

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In Taron and Vaspurakan , men in a sign of mourning threw on the hats – araxc’i black handkerchiefs-bandages – p’usi. Women in mourning principally modified their headgear to a black veil. It is necessary to note that younger women mourned only for their husbands, in other instances it was forbidden, since they believed that black color may deprive them of their childbearing capability. One of the defining traits of people costume was ornamentation and shade symbolism, during which ethno-cultural traditions and the social setting play an necessary function. The shade scheme as a whole, as well as certain color combinations, express intercourse and age and social differences. Women’s conventional clothes of Armenians is in all places distinguished by its colorful and wealthy tonality.

The motif of a tree – a common symbol of fertility, growing from a pot or from the ground, symbolizes pregnancy, motherhood, because the earth was recognized with a lady, and the tree – with a fruit. It was not for nothing that the Armenians in contrast a blossoming tree with a bride. Trees from ancient occasions had been the item of veneration for the Armenians. The picture of the tree , the most typical motif in Armenian ritual artwork, occurs in a wide variety of variants on women’s head scarves, bibs, woven belts, and so on. It was believed that his picture on clothes might be shielded from lightning strikes.

Western Armenians wore a sweeping one-piece gown – ant’ari or zpun, xrxa with a small stand-up collar, prolonged sleeves beneath the aspect hips under the hips, sewn from silk or cotton, lined. Over the antara for solemn occasions, in addition to within the cold season, a dress was worn-juppa, but with out aspect cuts. Such a sweeping women’s clothes with straight traces, which has six basic variants, was widespread in Western Armenia .

Vegetative ornament is characterised by branches, stems, leaves and bushes of various species. A wavy line depicting petals and sprouts on each bend edges the edges of clothing, symbolizing the infinity of the life cycle. Male and feminine jackets and sleeveless jackets of the Western Armenian complex are distinguished by a fancy stylized petal-and-shoot ornament. The decoration armenian brides of the Armenian national costume is divided into three major teams – vegetative, zoomorphic and geometric. There are also photographs of family objects, architectural constructions and donative inscriptions. In Armenian traditional garments, mourning is mirrored, in particular, within the headdress.

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In Eastern Armenia, women wore an extended red shirt – a halove made of cotton material with oblique wedges on the edges, long straight sleeves with a gusset and a straight reduce gate. The older one – a one-piece with a straight toeline shoulder – was worn by all women until the 1930swithout bearing in mind age and property standing. A later version – with a shoulder seam and an embossed armhole – spread firstly of the final century with the penetration of manufacturing unit fabrics into the village. Long underwear pants had been sewn from the same red material as the shirt, on a white lining and on the waist held on to an upholstery with the help of hondzhana. In the late XIX – early XX century, women’s clothing, in contrast to the lads’s, nonetheless pretty steadily preserved its major traditional complexes in the historic and ethnographic regions.

The edges of the velvet coat, front and facet cuts have been embellished with a slender silk ribbon and were sewed, just like the sleeves and the gate, with broad strips of fox fur. It was worn by married women from the properly-to-do strata of the population in Yerevan, Syunik, Artsakh. Another model of this costly prestigious clothing, particularly in Yerevan, was a fur coat reduce from the waist in darkish blue, dark inexperienced velvet on a silk lining with long cut-by way of sleeves like a male chuhi. She was edged with a black velvet ribbon with a rich gold-plated ornament.

In cities, men wore excessive-heeled boots, with a thick sole, in historical times with pointed and curved up toes. High boots made of soppy thin leather had been costly footwear, worn by principally well-off individuals, mostly aged men, especially in combination with a black one – Circassian. A distinctive function of conventional women’s clothing in Western Armenia was the apron – mezar.

The minimize on the chest, the perimeters of the sleeves, the entire hem of the costume were decorated with reduction gold sewing in 5-7 cm width of the plant sample. The Western Armenian complex of women’s clothes was distinguished by its shiny colour scheme and wealthy decorative design.

Men’s black sneakers had a small leather-based loop on the highest of the back, their sole typically nailed with broad and convex heads. In the villages do-it-yourself shoes were distributed – rsekteron a felt sole with knitted woolen threads on top, which replaced three.

In Eastern Armenia, a fabric lengthy belt (three.5 x 0.5 m) made of cotton or silk material, largely red coarse calico, was tied twice across the waist over the Arkhalukha. within the Ararat valley, especially in the urban environment of Yerevan, the women’s clothing complex included a cloth silk belt with two long material-pendants embroidered with silk and gold threads. In Syunik and Artsakh, a leather-based belt with a big silver buckle and embroidered silver plates, made in engraving, filigree and cell know-how. Festive pants were sewn from silk purple cloth on a lining of a white material. The lower ends of the trousers, gathered on the ankles, must be visible from beneath the outer clothes, so this half was sewed from the costlier and exquisite material and expanded with gold embroidery or decorated with a strip of black velvet with Syunik, Artsakh gilded with braid. In the women’s advanced of the provinces of Syunik and Artsakh, an necessary half was the top shirt – virvi halav (Armenian Վիրվի հալավ) manufactured from purple silk or calico with round gates and chest section reduce with black velvet or satin, and also sewn with silver small ornaments. The basis of women’s clothing, as well as the boys’s, consisted of a shirt and lower pants, which had much in common in their reduce.



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